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October 17, 2021

Chile 1988: Year of the Plebiscite and the Defeat of Pinochet

The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on October 5, 1988 to determine whether Chile’s de facto leader, Augusto Pinochet, should extend his rule for another eight years through 1996. The “No” side won with nearly 56% of the vote, thus ending Pinochet's fifteen and a half years in power.

Chile in 1988

The fact that the dictatorship respected the results is attributed to pressure from big business, the international community and unease with extended rule by Pinochet within the dictatorship.

These amazing photos were taken by Marcelo Montecino that show what life in Chile looked like in 1988.

Ancud. Pescadores, 1988

Cartagena, 1988

Chiloe. Abalone fisherman, 1988

Chiloe. Abalone fishermen, 1988

Chiloe. Fisherman, 1988

Concepción. Feminists, 1988

Puyehue, 1988

Santiago, 1988

Santiago, 1988

Santiago, 1988

Santiago, 1988

Santiago. Acto por el No, 1988

Santiago. Allende mural, 1988

Santiago. Andre Jarlan en La Victoria. Andre Jarlan was killed while reading his bible by a Carabinero bullet, 1988

Santiago. Andre Jarlan, La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. Barrio Vivaceta, 1988

Santiago. Celebrating triumph of the NO, 1988

Santiago. Cementerio Catolico, Santiago, 1988

Santiago. Clotario Blest, human rights activist and the founder of the Chilean labor movement, 1988

Santiago. Clotario Blest, labor leader, human rights activist, 1988

Santiago. Clotario Blest, NO rally, 1988

Santiago. Communists mural brigade, BRP, 1988

Santiago. Couple in La Victoria shanty, 1988

Santiago. First communion, 1988

Santiago. Human rights rally, 1988

Santiago. In the rain, 1988

Santiago. La Casa del NO, political rally, 1988

Santiago. La Victoria shanty, 1988

Santiago. La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. Las Chicas y el mural, La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. Los amigos, 1988

Santiago. Los Prisioneros, 1988

Santiago. NO campaign, 1988

Santiago. NO rally, 1988

Santiago. NO rally, Penalolen, 1988

Santiago. Pinochet, 1988

Santiago. Pinochetista rally, 1988

Santiago. Rally for the NO, Penalolen, 1988

Santiago. Relatives of disappeared, May Day, 1988

Santiago. Shopkeeper in Cerro Navia shanty, 1988

Santiago. Soup kitchen, La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. Soup kitchen, Poblacion La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. Soup kitchen, Poblacion La Victoria, 1988

Santiago. The empty pool, 1988

Santiago. The silversmith, 1988

Santiago. The silversmith, 1988

Santiago. The unfinished stadium, 1988

Santiago. Vamos a decir que "No", 1988

Santiago. Winter, 1988

Santiago. Women watching a violent demo, 1988

(Photo © Marcelo Montecino)




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