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September 20, 2015

Beautiful and Rarely Seen Color Photos of Brazil in 1957

Color photos of Brazil from the 1950s, when the beautiful, troubled nation was enduring "growing pains" not dissimilar to what it's going through today.

Beautiful Rio sits in its great bay.

Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1957.

Decrepit engines, such as this 1904 wood burner on the Belem-Braganca run, plague railroads. Because eucalyptus logs they burn give off fragrance of cough medicine, engines often seem to have colds.

Covering a third of the land is the Amazon rain forest. Below Manaus the river flows in many channels.

Scene in Brazil, 1957.

Scene in Brazil, 1957.

U.S.-built Dam, Peixoto, was built on Rio Grande by subsidiary of U.S.-owned American and Foreign Power Company. It has cost $41 million, will serve industrial centers outside Sao Paulo.

Scene in Brazil, 1957.

Rio beach, 1957.

Scene in Brazil, 1957.

Old Capital was Salvador, north of Rio in the sugar-growing country. It lost its position to Rio in 1763 after gold was discovered farther South. Salvador is a double city, the lower part (foreground) built along the harbor, and the upper part, with churches, monasteries that date to 17th Century, on a high bluff.

Picking cotton, Brazil, 1957.

Coffee plantation stands in the terra rosa (purple earth) territory of the state of Parana.

Future capital is being built by workers who live in a cluster of 2,000 temporary wooden buildings, near the site of Brasilia. Traders from the nearby cities come to sell dry goods and razor blades from suitcases on the streets. There is no finished road to the site and practically all traffic in and out is by plane.

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1957.

(Photos: Dmitri Kessel—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)


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