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March 11, 2024

40 Amazing Photos Show What Europe Looked Like in the 19th Century

The 19th century was characterized by vast social upheaval. Slavery was abolished in much of Europe and the Americas. The First Industrial Revolution, though it began in the late 18th century, expanding beyond its British homeland for the first time during this century, particularly remaking the economies and societies of the Low Countries, the Rhineland, Northern Italy, and the Northeastern United States.

A few decades later, the Second Industrial Revolution led to ever more massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit, and prosperity, a pattern that continued into the 20th century.

The century also saw the collapse of the large Spanish and Mughal Empires. This paved the way for the growing influence of the British, French, German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian, Italian, and Japanese Empires along with the United States. The British boasted unchallenged global dominance after 1815.

Take a look at these amazing photos to see what Europe looked like in the 19th century.

Belgium. New Court House in Brussels, 1860-1884

Belgium. Park in Brussels, 1860-1884

Castle on the Rhine, 1860-1884

England. Anne Hathaway’s Cottage, 1860-1884

England. Ecosse, Wness, from Belle Isle, 1860-1884

England. Grasmere in England's Lake District, 1860-1884

England. Hampton Court fountain, west front, 1860-1884

England. Hampton Court Palace, 1860-1884

England. Hampton Court Palace, west front, 1860-1884

England. Kenilworth Castle, town of Kenilworth, Warwickshire, 1860-1884

England. Stoneleigh Abbey near Warwick, 1860-1884

England. The manor house at Guy’s Cliffe, Warwickshire, 1860-1884

England. Warwick Castle, 1860-1884

France. The Mer de Glace ("Sea of Ice"), 1860-1884

Germany. Cologne Cathedral, 1860-1884

Germany. Constance Island, 1860-1884

Germany. Frankfurt, 1860-1884

Germany. Frankfurt, 1860-1884

Germany. Grand ducal Palace in Carlsruhe, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Baden, 1860-1884

Germany. Kurhaus, Baden-Baden, 1860-1884

Germany. Munich, 1860-1884

Germany. Palm Garden, Frankfurt, 1860-1884

Germany. Siegestor (English- Victory Gate), dedicated to the glory of the Bavarian army, Munich, 1860-1884

Germany. Stolzenfels Castle, 1860-1884

Germany. Wiesbaden, 1860-1884

Italy. Grand Canal, Venice, 1860-1884

Italy. Isola Bella (Lago Maggiore), 1860-1884

Italy. Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, 1860-1884

Italy. Venice, 1860-1884

Scotland. Holyrood from Calton Hill, Edinburgh, 1860-1884

Scotland. Scott Monument and Castle, Edinburgh, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Bay of Uri, Lake Lucerne, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Berne, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Berne, Rue du marché, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Brünig Pass, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Hospice on Simplon Pass, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Lucerne, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Rigi Railway near Lucerne, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Simplon Pass, 1860-1884

Switzerland. Zurich, 1860-1884


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