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February 23, 2022

Fiat X1/23: The Concept of Child-Size Electric Car From 1972

The Fiat X1/23 is a concept car originally shown in 1972 at the Turin Motor Show and in 1976 as an electric car by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. Designed by Centro Stile Fiat, it is a small two-seater city car, unlike any Fiat produced at the time.

The 1976 X1/23 is fitted with a 14 kW electric motor driving the front wheels and equipped with regenerative braking. Batteries are located at the rear. The X1/23 has a top speed of 45 mph (72.4 km/h) and a claimed range of about 50 miles (80.5 km). Despite its diminutive size, the car weighs 820 kg (1,810 lb), 166 kg (366 lb) of which was due to the battery.

The measurements led people to believe that Fiat made the car for kids. Its length reached only 2.64 (8.66 feet) meters! For comparison, it was three times smaller than the popular Fiat 124 sedan which was 4.03 meters (13.22 feet) long.

The car had an electric motor that spun the front wheels. Back then, vehicles run by electricity in Europe seemed utopian, like from a fantasy movie. That’s why when Fiat introduced tiny X1/23, many were impressed by the idea of owning a car that is so cheap to maintain.


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