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June 22, 2020

The World’s Most Famous Puppeteer: Vintage Portraits of Sergey Obraztsov Posing With His Exotic Puppets

Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov (22 June 1901 – 8 May 1992) was a Soviet and Russian puppeteer who is credited by the Encyclopædia Britannica with “establishing puppetry as an art form in the Soviet Union.” Puppet theaters in many countries owe their establishment to Obraztsov’s influence. His collection of exotic puppets was the largest in Russia and one of the largest in the world.

Obraztsov was born in Moscow into the family of a schoolteacher and a railroad engineer. Between 1922 and 1931, he worked as an actor with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko in one of the studios of the Moscow Art Theatre. During this period, he staged several vaudeville-style puppet shows before going on to set up the State Central Puppet Theatre in Moscow in 1931.

His theatre toured more than 350 cities in the USSR and 90 cities in foreign countries. During his numerous tours abroad, Obraztsov helped to popularize artistic puppetry in the United States, Britain, and other countries. One of his best known shows, An Unusual Concert (1946), satirized bad performers. Besides more than 70 plays for children and grown-ups that he staged in his theatre, Obraztsov also directed the first short-length puppet film under the title Looking at a Polar Sunset Ray in 1938, and also a number of documentaries. In his later years, Obraztsov became enthusiastic about finger puppets. He was also skilled in puppeteering with his bare hands.

Sergey Obraztsov was the President of the International Union of Puppeteers (1976–1984, and from 1984 the President Emeritus), a teaching professor of the Russian Academy of Theatre Arts (from 1973), and a member of the Writers’ Union of the USSR. Obraztsov authored an autobiography and a monograph on Chinese puppet theatre. He was awarded the USSR State Prize in 1946, named People’s Artist of the USSR in 1952, and a Hero of Socialist Labour in 1971.
“My mistake – my fault – was that I did not have a real goal. Of course, I did have a goal of sorts: I wanted to be a success. But success must not be a goal: it can only be the result of achieving a given goal. The goal in creating a work of art can only be its idea, or more correctly, conveying it fully to those for whom the work is intended. It is necessary therefore to feel this idea as the work’s primary goal and to be carried away by the theme that resolves this task.

Unfortunately, although the blows were painful, I did not immediately come to the conclusion that the most important thing in performing or staging a play was to know what you want to say. Without having a clear idea about this, one should not begin work on a performance.” – Sergei Obraztsov
In September 2001, the Sergey Obraztsov Theatre (Moscow State Puppet Theatre named after Obraztsov) hosted a week-long centennial celebration which included an international array of performers.

1 comment:

  1. "The World’s Most Famous Puppeteer"
    Yeah...just like Lemuel Kinney is the world's most famous earthworm trainer.
    Seriously, this hyperbole is ridiculous.
    Virtually no one in the Western Hemisphere has ever heard of this guy, and even in Europe no one younger than 40 knows who he was.
    The pix are a neat find for the site, but Obraztsov was NOT world-famous at all.




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