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September 3, 2014

22 Photos of Zeppelins and Hot Air Balloons From Between the 1910s and 1930s

Man thought he could leave the ground by imitating the bird. He was on wrong. However much he stuck feathers on his body and shook his harms strongly, he couldn’t fly. He needed to find a way - like the invention of the wheel that had allowed him to go faster on earth - when no visible examples did exist in the nature. He needed a true invention: and this was the hot-air balloon.

The hot air balloon is the first successful human-carrying flight technology. The first untethered manned hot air balloon flight was performed by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d'Arlandes on November 21, 1783, in Paris, France, in a balloon created by the Montgolfier brothers. The first hot-air balloon flown in the Americas was launched from the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia on January 9, 1793 by the French aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard. Hot air balloons that can be propelled through the air rather than simply drifting with the wind are known as thermal airships.

A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship designed in the late 19th and in the early 20th century by the Count Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin. They were made from rigid light-alloy skeleton; such is duralumin, constructed of rings and longitudinal girders. The first were constructed in long cylinder shape with tapered ends with complex multi-plane fins for stabilization. With improving, shape changed into more streamlined shape and tail assembly in cruciform which was after that used by almost all later airships.

Airship was held in the air with several separate balloons, which are also known as "cells" or "gasbags”, which were placed within this outer construction and filled with the lighter-than-air gas. These cells were made of many sheets of goldbeater's skin from the intestines of cows and filled with hydrogen or helium. These cells held airship in the air but engines propelled it forward. Internal combustion engines with propellers were used, mounted in engine cars and attached to the structural skeleton. Passengers and crew were placed in the compartment bellow the body of the airship while cargo was placed inside the body of an airship.

The English airship / Zeppelin R-100 attached to the mooring mast in Bedforshire, just before its journey to Canada, July 1928.

The Great War, zeppelin raid. Zeppelin brought down near a cottage in Great Brittain, September 1916.

Ballooning. The American Olmstead is having a collision with another balloon that ripped open during the contest Coupe Gordon Bennett. Brussels, Belgium, 1923.

.Space suit for stratospheric balloon. Spain, 1935.

Interior passengers cabin of the airship 'Los Angeles', a Zeppelin from 1924.

Second landing of the German zeppelin Hindenburg at Lakehurst, New Jersey, May 1936. A marine waving at a friend on board of the airship.

Zeppelin the Hindenburg on fire at the mooring mast of Lakehurst (United States of America) 6 May 1937. Ballast water is thrown down. Exit airships.

The German airship LZ 30 Hansa during fleet manoeuvres On the North Sea in or just before the First World War. The Zeppelin had the military registration Z XI.

Airships. An array of bottles with hydrogen to fill the airship Graf Zeppelin with. Place unknown, 1929.

Observation balloon. Canadian official photograph taken at the front during the Great War, 1914-1918. Location unknown.

Space suit for stratospheric balloon. Spain, 1935.

Stunts: a zeppelin flying low over a steam locomotive. Below the airship is a man on a rope. Place and date unknown.

Soviet stratospheric balloon. Russia, 1933.

English politicians mr. Lloyd George and mr. Balfour examining the wreck of one of the Zeppelins brought down on the night of the 23-24th. Sept. [1916]

Professor Auguste Piccard (front right) with his family and engineer Kipfer in front of the capsule of the stratospheric balloon with which a flight will be made. The scientists have on their heads helmets made from sewing baskets and pillows. [05/27/1931]

The American airship ZR 3 Los Angeles flying near the Empire State Building under construction. The Zeppelin, built as LZ 126, is accompanied by some blimps. New York, the United States of America, 29 October 1930.

Series of English military balloons on a field. England, 1938.

First World War, aerial war. A French zeppelin/airship under attack from a German plane. 1915.

Workers of the Zeppelin factory engaged in building the German airship LZ 129 Hindenburg in great height, 1934.

The German airship LZ 4 seen from behind. The Zeppelin is hanging above the sea and equipped with an impressive number of stabilizers. 1908.

Second World War. German soldiers preparing an observation balloon in a forest. Place unknown. 1939.

The Great War. Zeppelin of the Central Powers, 1915. Location unknown.

(via Nationaal Archief)



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