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August 19, 2017

41 Fascinating Photos Document Everyday Life of Native Americans in Western Canada From in the Early 1930s

Between 1928 and 1934, the French-American anthropologist, artist, and writer Paul Coze (1903-1974) made four trips across western Canada collecting ethnographic objects for the Musée d'Ethnographie (Trocadero) in Paris and the Heye Foundation in New York.

An ardent admirer of Native American cultures, Coze helped organize the Cercle Wakanda, a group of Parisian "Indian hobbyists" who staged theatrical productions on Aboriginal themes. He also assembled a substantial private collection of ethnographic material from the Canadian Plains and Subarctic.

These photos from Provincial Archives of Alberta that he shot documenting everyday life of Native Americans in Western Canada in the early 1930s.

Cree girl playing with a child suspended in a small hammock, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree men, women and children participating in a ceremony, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree woman carrying domestic supplies, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree woman smoking beside racks of drying meat, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree women performing the round dance, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree women working on a large moose hide, Waterhen River area, Northern Saskatchewan

Cree women working on a large moose hide, Waterhen River area, Northern Saskatchewan

Dancers going to a pow-wow

Dressing a horse for a ceremony, Nakoda summer camp near Banff, Alberta

Kamaistit inside a sweat lodge, Waterhen River Cree, Northern Saskatchewan

Kousahpatsican smoking his pipe, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Kousahpatsican smoking his pipe, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Nakoda riders Rocky Mountains, Alberta

Odjindja-Tchintchan, Nakoda medicine-man, near Banff, Alberta

Paul Coze greeting Wanhinkpe, Nakoda chief, Near Banff, Alberta

Pipe ceremony at Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Preparing for a ceremony, Southern Saskatchewan

Repairing a crack in a birch bark canoe with hot resin, Waterhen River Cree, Northern Saskatchewan

Squatipew, Cree, Star Blanket Band, Fort Qu'Appelle, South Saskatchewan

Unidentified Blackfoot woman with hide-scraping tools, Alberta

Unidentified Blackfoot woman, Alberta

Unidentified man and child, Nakoda summer camp near Banff, Alberta

Unidentified Plains Cree at a powwow in Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan

Unidentified Plains Cree at a powwow in Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan

Women arranging their tepees, Southern Saskatchewan

Women cooking over an open fire, Nakoda summer camp near Banff, Alberta

Women scraping a large hide, Nakoda summer camp near Banff, Alberta

Young couple beside a lake, Waterhen River Area, Northern Saskatchewan

Young couple beside a lake, Waterhen River Area, Northern Saskatchewan

Young Cree woman between two elders, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Young Cree woman with birch bark container, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Young man inside a tepee holding pipe , Southern Saskatchewan

Young men in ceremonial dresses, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Ashatcheway, a Cree medicine man, smoking an effigy pipe, Waterhen River Area, Northern Saskatchewan

Blue Bird and her sister, near Banff, Alberta

Blue Bird, Nakoda girl, near Banff, Alberta

Blue Bird, Nakoda girl, near Banff, Alberta

Ceremonial offering, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan

Ceremony being observed by visitors, Southern Saskatchewan

Chief Two Bears beside his tepee, Southern Saskatchewan

Cree and Métis men performing the pipe ceremony, Waterhen River, Northern Saskatchewan



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