Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Pictures of Female IRA fighters in the 1970s

In Ireland, there were females both in Republican groups such as the IRA, which are fighting against British forces in Northern Ireland, as well as in groups of Loyalists who are pro-state and support the continuation of British rule of the area. Usually the IRA women cadres performed certain non-military roles, in which they exploited traditional stereotypes of gender. The women became faceless very often wearing a mask and they used midi skirts thus revealing their femininity. They used to hide and carry weapons, as the British soldiers were loath to body search women because of the tremendous public revulsion it would create. Here's a small collection of portraits of female IRA fighters in the 1970s.

Job hunting in the 1930s

Motel Manager Pouring Acid Into Pool to Drive Blacks Out, 1964

On June 11, 1964, Martin Luther King, Jr was arrested for trespassing at the Monson Motor Lodge after being asked to leave from its segregated restaurant. This (and other things) helped spurn on a group of protesters, black and white, to jump into the pool as a strategically planned event to end segregation at motel pools. The pool at this motel was designated “white only.” Whites who paid for motel rooms invited blacks to join them in the motel pool as their guests. This swim-in was planned by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr and two associates. The motel manager, Jimmy Brock, in an effort to break up the party, poured a bottle of muriatic acid into the pool, hoping the swimmers would become scared and leave. One swimmer, who knew that the ratio of acid to pool water was so great that the acid was no longer a threat, drank some of the pool water to calm the other swimmers’ fears.

The manager of the motel James Brock was photographed pouring muriatic acid into the pool to get the protesters out.

When a group of white and negro integrationist entered a segregated motel pool, manager James Brock poured acid into it, shouting "I'm cleaning the pool."

Motel manager James Brock poured muriatic acid into the pool at the Monson Motor Lodge to try to get a group of demonstrators out ot the segregated pool. Later the demonstrators were arrested while Martin Luther King watched from across the street.

FIRST BLACKS TO ENTER SWIMMINGPOOL AT ALL WHITE MOTEL, JUNE 18, 1964 Two rabbis had checked into the Monson Motor Lodge and the news media had been notified in advance that a "swim in" would occur at the pool on the afternoon of June 18, 1964. Two rabbi and five blacks were in the pool. Here an officer tries to hit one of the rabbis with his club. The demonstrators were arrested while Martin Luther King was across the street.

An off duty police officer jumped into the pool to fight with the rabbis during a "swim in" at the pool of the Monson Motor Lodge June 18, 1964.

A dog being posed by a German soldier, ca. 1940

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Incredible Pictures Formed by Thousands of US Soldiers during World War I

During World War I, photographers Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas traveled from one military camp to another taking photos of soldiers forming patriotic symbols as a part of planned promotional campaign to sell war bonds.

Thousands soldiers would form gigantic patriotic symbols such as Statue of Liberty, president Woodrow Wilson, American Eagle or Liberty Bell which were photographed from above. Mole and Thomas spent days preparing formations which were photographed from a 70 to 80 foot tower with an 11 by 14 inch camera.

Human Statue of Liberty. 18,000 officers and men at Camp Dodge, Des Moines, Ia

Human Liberty Bell. 25,000 officers and men at Camp Dix, New Jersey

Human American Eagle. 12,500 officers, nurses and men; Camp Gordon, Atlanta

Living Insignia of the 27th Division “New York’s Own”. 10,000 officers and enlisted men, Breakers of the Hinderburg Line

Human U.S. Shield. 30,000 officers and men, Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Mich

Mickey Mouse Gas Masks for Children from WWII

On January 7th, 1942, one month after Pearl Harbor, T.W. Smith, Jr., the owner of the Sun Rubber Company, and his designer, Dietrich Rempel, with Walt Disney’s approval introduced a protective mask for children. This design of the Mickey Mouse Gas Mask for children was presented to Major General William N. Porter, Chief of the Chemical Warfare Service. After approval of the CWS, Sun Rubber Products Company produced sample masks for review. Other comic book character designs were to follow, depending on the success of the Mickey Mouse mask.

The mask was designed so children would carry it and wear it as part of a game. This would reduce the fear associated with wearing a gas mask and hopefully, improve their wear time and, hence, survivability.

Mickey Mouse Gas Mask at the 45th Infantry Museum.

During WWII Walt Disney helped to design a Mickey Mouse gas mask to protect children against chemical warfare. The mask pictured here is housed in The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Disney's Mickey Mouse gas mask was designed to eliminate children's fear of wearing the chemical warfare preventative device.

In addition to its child-friendly appearance, the Mickey Mouse mask was designed to fit a smaller head and weighed less than the adult gas mask. Seen here it is being fitted to a dummy.

Walt Disney showing the sketch of the Mickey Mouse gas mask to Major General William Porter on January 8, 1942. 

Child sports a Mickey Mouse gas mask during WWII.

(via gasmasklexikon and Mail Online)

The entrance to Disneyland in 1965

The entrance to Disneyland in 1965, when parking was only $0.25. (via)

Wonderful Vogue Covers of the 1930s

Vogue, November 1, 1939 Photographed by Horst P. Horst

Vogue, December 1, 1939 Photographed by Anton Bruehl

Edward Steichen, Vogue, December 1, 1933

Vogue June 1937

1937 fashion illustration by Miguel Covarrubias vogue

British soldier poses in mouth of a captured 38 caliber gun during World War I

British soldier poses in mouth of a captured 38 caliber gun during World War I. (AP Photo)

Monday, August 25, 2014

Pictures of The Global Conflict of World War I

At the start of the war, the largest of the European belligerents were all colonial powers -- they had people and valuable assets stationed in countries all over the Earth. These multinational interests, along with overseas alliances and the modernization of sea transport, are what put the "world" in World War I. Enemy nations attacked each other's colonies and fleets, and laborers and soldiers were recruited from colonized countries, and brought to the front lines. Allied countries -- many former colonies -- shipped soldiers and supplies into battle, coordinating with their European counterparts. And, despite the fact that the Western Front is the best-known theatre of World War I, the Eastern Front -- the battle between the Central Powers and the Russian Empire -- was equally devastating and consequential, resulting in millions of deaths and divisions that continue to affect the region to this day.

Annamese (colonial troops from French Indochina) disembarking at Camp Saint-Raphael. Over the course of the war, nearly 100,000 Indochinese were deployed in Europe, most as laborers, but several thousand also served in combat battalions. (Bibliotheque nationale de France)

German Vice Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee's cruiser squadron, leaving Valparaiso, Chile, on November 3, 1914, following the Battle of Coronel. During the battle, von Spee's group defeated a Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock, sinking two cruisers and killing more than 1,500 men. One minth later, the British tracked down von Spee's group and started the Battle of the Falkland Islands, sinking or capturing all of the German ships, killing more than 1,800, including the german Vice Admiral. (U.S. Naval Historical Center)

Russian prisoners of war. (Library of Congress)

Cameroon-Company in German Southwest Africa during Word War I. (Koloniales Bildarchiv, Universitatsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main)

Guns removed from the wreck of the SMS Konigsberg. The Germans recovered Konigsberg's ten 105-millimeter (4.1 in) quick-firing guns, mounted them on improvised field carriages, carried them away, and used them with great success as powerful field guns in their guerrilla campaign against the Allies around East Africa. (Deutsches Bundesarchiv)