Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Incredible Pictures Formed by Thousands of US Soldiers during World War I

During World War I, photographers Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas traveled from one military camp to another taking photos of soldiers forming patriotic symbols as a part of planned promotional campaign to sell war bonds.

Thousands soldiers would form gigantic patriotic symbols such as Statue of Liberty, president Woodrow Wilson, American Eagle or Liberty Bell which were photographed from above. Mole and Thomas spent days preparing formations which were photographed from a 70 to 80 foot tower with an 11 by 14 inch camera.

Human Statue of Liberty. 18,000 officers and men at Camp Dodge, Des Moines, Ia

Human Liberty Bell. 25,000 officers and men at Camp Dix, New Jersey

Human American Eagle. 12,500 officers, nurses and men; Camp Gordon, Atlanta

Living Insignia of the 27th Division “New York’s Own”. 10,000 officers and enlisted men, Breakers of the Hinderburg Line

Human U.S. Shield. 30,000 officers and men, Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Mich

Mickey Mouse Gas Masks for Children from WWII

On January 7th, 1942, one month after Pearl Harbor, T.W. Smith, Jr., the owner of the Sun Rubber Company, and his designer, Dietrich Rempel, with Walt Disney’s approval introduced a protective mask for children. This design of the Mickey Mouse Gas Mask for children was presented to Major General William N. Porter, Chief of the Chemical Warfare Service. After approval of the CWS, Sun Rubber Products Company produced sample masks for review. Other comic book character designs were to follow, depending on the success of the Mickey Mouse mask.

The mask was designed so children would carry it and wear it as part of a game. This would reduce the fear associated with wearing a gas mask and hopefully, improve their wear time and, hence, survivability.

Mickey Mouse Gas Mask at the 45th Infantry Museum.

During WWII Walt Disney helped to design a Mickey Mouse gas mask to protect children against chemical warfare. The mask pictured here is housed in The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Disney's Mickey Mouse gas mask was designed to eliminate children's fear of wearing the chemical warfare preventative device.

In addition to its child-friendly appearance, the Mickey Mouse mask was designed to fit a smaller head and weighed less than the adult gas mask. Seen here it is being fitted to a dummy.

Walt Disney showing the sketch of the Mickey Mouse gas mask to Major General William Porter on January 8, 1942. 

Child sports a Mickey Mouse gas mask during WWII.

(via gasmasklexikon and Mail Online)

The entrance to Disneyland in 1965

The entrance to Disneyland in 1965, when parking was only $0.25. (via)

Wonderful Vogue Covers of the 1930s

Vogue, November 1, 1939 Photographed by Horst P. Horst

Vogue, December 1, 1939 Photographed by Anton Bruehl

Edward Steichen, Vogue, December 1, 1933

Vogue June 1937

1937 fashion illustration by Miguel Covarrubias vogue

British soldier poses in mouth of a captured 38 caliber gun during World War I

British soldier poses in mouth of a captured 38 caliber gun during World War I. (AP Photo)

Monday, August 25, 2014

Pictures of The Global Conflict of World War I

At the start of the war, the largest of the European belligerents were all colonial powers -- they had people and valuable assets stationed in countries all over the Earth. These multinational interests, along with overseas alliances and the modernization of sea transport, are what put the "world" in World War I. Enemy nations attacked each other's colonies and fleets, and laborers and soldiers were recruited from colonized countries, and brought to the front lines. Allied countries -- many former colonies -- shipped soldiers and supplies into battle, coordinating with their European counterparts. And, despite the fact that the Western Front is the best-known theatre of World War I, the Eastern Front -- the battle between the Central Powers and the Russian Empire -- was equally devastating and consequential, resulting in millions of deaths and divisions that continue to affect the region to this day.

Annamese (colonial troops from French Indochina) disembarking at Camp Saint-Raphael. Over the course of the war, nearly 100,000 Indochinese were deployed in Europe, most as laborers, but several thousand also served in combat battalions. (Bibliotheque nationale de France)

German Vice Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee's cruiser squadron, leaving Valparaiso, Chile, on November 3, 1914, following the Battle of Coronel. During the battle, von Spee's group defeated a Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock, sinking two cruisers and killing more than 1,500 men. One minth later, the British tracked down von Spee's group and started the Battle of the Falkland Islands, sinking or capturing all of the German ships, killing more than 1,800, including the german Vice Admiral. (U.S. Naval Historical Center)

Russian prisoners of war. (Library of Congress)

Cameroon-Company in German Southwest Africa during Word War I. (Koloniales Bildarchiv, Universitatsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main)

Guns removed from the wreck of the SMS Konigsberg. The Germans recovered Konigsberg's ten 105-millimeter (4.1 in) quick-firing guns, mounted them on improvised field carriages, carried them away, and used them with great success as powerful field guns in their guerrilla campaign against the Allies around East Africa. (Deutsches Bundesarchiv)

British soccer team with gas masks, 1916

Soccer team of British soldiers with gas masks, World War I, somewhere in Northern France, 1916.

University of Maryland Ignites in 1970

The University of Maryland had a relatively small core of activists during the upheavals of the 1960s, protesting for civil rights and later against the Vietnam War. Demonstrations were held on campus against military and CIA recruiters, against the draft and against the Vietnam War, but they usually involved no more than 100-200 students.

In the March 1970, two popular professors were denied tenure by the school and students occupied a building to demand a greater say in university affairs. Eight-seven students were arrested and a student-faculty activist group was formed out of the demonstrations. When President Richard Nixon announced he was invading Cambodia on April 30, 1970, the first mass demonstrations against the war began on the campus. When four students were shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen at Kent State University on May 4, a nationwide student strike was called and a majority of students at Maryland boycotted classes.

The following account was written shortly after the month long strike and demonstrations that included two occupations of the campus by the Maryland National Guard.

University of Maryland students stage a sit-in at Skinner Hall protesting faculty tenure policies on March 23, 1970.

University of Maryland students confront police outside Skinner Hall in the late night hours of March 23, 1970. Police moved in to arrest 87 students occupying the building in the early morning hours of March 24.

University of Maryland students greet those released on bail at the Hyattsville courthouse March 24, 1970 following a sit-in on campus protesting faculty tenure policies.

University of Maryland students greet those released on bail at the Hyattsville courthouse March 24, 1970 following a sit-in on campus protesting faculty tenure policies.

Students on the steps of McKeldin Library on the University of Maryland College Park campus April 6, 1970 protesting faculty tenure policies and the arrest of 87 students during an occupation of Skinner Hall on the campus March 24.

Old Photos from The Days of Prohibition

Prohibition began in 1920 with the passing of the Volstead Act. The Eighteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution, prohibiting the production and selling of "intoxicating liquors," had been ratified in 1919, and the Volstead Act was enacted in order to enforce and regulate the Amendment. Here, alcohol seized by police is dumped into sewage drains in New York.

This liquor store advertises that "The time is getting shorter and so is our stock..." as Prohibition begins in 1920.

Casks of booze go straight down the drain as Prohibition takes effect.

This illegal whiskey distillery near Detroit is put out of business.

Gallons and gallons of wine pour into the street at this winery near Los Angeles.