Monday, October 17, 2016

The First Real Motion Picture Ever Made: "Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory in Lyon" (1895)

Workers Leaving The Lumière Factory in Lyon (French: La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon), also known as Employees Leaving the Lumière Factory and Exiting the Factory, is an 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Louis Lumière. It is often referred to as the first real motion picture ever made, although Louis Le Prince's 1888 Roundhay Garden Scene pre-dated it by seven years.

The film consists of a single scene in which workers leave the Lumière factory. The workers are mostly female who exit the large building 25 Rue St. Victor, Montplaisir on the outskirts of Lyon, France, as if they had just finished a day's work.

Three separate versions of this film exist. There are a number of differences between these, for example the clothing style changes demonstrating the different seasons in which they were filmed. They are often referred to as the "one horse," "two horses," and "no horse" versions, in reference to a horse-drawn carriage that appears in the first two versions (pulled by one horse in the original and two horses in the first remake).

  • It was the first film ever to be projected to a paying audience.
  • Recent findings have produced two more copies of this scene, where all the workers didn't manage to leave the factory in time. The big dog appears in them all.
  • This film's existence was forgotten shortly after it was screened. It was rediscovered in 1985 in Lyon, France, 90 years after it was shot.

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